The Ballaarat Reform League Charter 1854
The Charter's most ambitious and visionary goals were described as follows:
Political changes contemplated by the Reform League:
- A full and fair representation.
- Manhood suffrage.
- No property qualification of members for the Legislative Council.
- Payment of members.
- Short duration of Parliament.
For the full transcript of the Ballarat Reform League Charter, with photos of the original hand-written document, see the four-page section devoted to the Reform League Charter on the Culture Victoria website
'The charter was written by members of the Ballarat Reform League in 1854. It contains their passionate demands for more people in the colony of Victoria to have greater involvement in making laws in Victoria, such as having the right to vote, and to stand for parliament. The charter also stated that the administration of the goldfields and the colony’s police service and justice system needed to be improved.
The charter was read out at a monster meeting on Bakery Hill, Ballarat, 11 November 1854, to around 10,000 miners and residents. The people at the meeting voted in agreement with the charter which, a few weeks later, was taken to Melbourne and presented to Governor Hotham by representatives of the Ballarat Reform League. They also asked for the release of three men held in prison on charges of burning down a Ballarat hotel. One of the Governor's clerks made a copy of the charter, and it is this clerk's copy that was kept by the Governor that we can see online now.' (Culture Victoria)
The Ballarat Reform League Charter was successfully nominated for the Australian Memory of the World Register in 2004. This four-page handwritten manifesto of democratic principles and demands was presented to Governor Hotham in November 1854.
'The Ballarat Reform League could be counted a very successful political movement - the
envy of its Chartist antecedents in Britain .... its basic demands won in 1855.'
Anne Beggs Sunter, The Ballarat Reform League. A History.
The Ballaarat Reform League and the events of Eureka were central to the development of Australia as an independent democratic country.
There is much to honour